Suicide / Mental Health Issues



Hamna Tahir Dogar

Rizwan Butt

Madi (Australian counterpart)

Suicide is amongst the top three causes of death all around the world and the fact that it is only increasing with time is something undeniably sad. In Australia, the suicide rate differs from rural to urban areas and it is believed that men are most likely to commit suicide for multiple reasons such as not having the right or desired lifestyle, stressors from work and college,  family and financial issues, personal problems and usage of drugs and excessive alcohol. It is also believed that unemployment is a very big factor that leads to suicide and the longer their unemployed, the more pressure they feel which eventually leads to mental health problems.

Mental Health Services Australia

Mental Health Services in Australia (MHSA) shows that 4 Billion people received mental health prescriptions during 2016-2019 and 9.1 Billion was actually spent on mental health. After going through the data I was able to conclude that anxiety and depression are the two most common issues amongst the youth and other people of Australia. It is not just the young people or students who are mostly suffering but even the prisoners and homeless adults have been ranked high in those who have mental health issues. There are multiple hotlines which you can call to share how you’re feeling in case you are feeling down or at the verge of taking your own life but seeing a therapist or seeking help from a counsellor is not as easy as one may think.

Respondents who recognize their poor mental health

On average around eight people commit suicide daily which is a startling number just to look at. There has been an increase in the number middle aged and young women committing suicide but the male population is still at the top in regards of suicide in Australia. Suicide is the leading cause of deaths in Australia and they have done a lot over the past years to eradicate this issue but that would take time. The rate has decreased but the issue of mental health is still present. A lot of people are having problems but they are not being catered. After going through the interviews and reading data online, we concluded a number of reasons that lead to suicide or sever mental health issues which could eventually make you take your own life.

  • Living in Isolation:  Staying in your own shell and isolating yourself from your surroundings is a very common issue. Feeling like you have no one to talk to or too scared that you’re going to be judged. Sometimes not having someone to share your problems with can be very disturbing because your stress keep building up and you’re unable to vent out which can actually make you feel better.
  • Stressors such as unemployment/ not finding good enough jobs/Financial issues. This issue is more common amongst men rather than women because they feel like they have the pressure of earning and supporting their families or generally being stable. The longer the period of unemployment, the more the suicide attempts.

  • Personal Issues/ Family problems

As mentioned in one of the interviews, personal problems such as unsuccessful relationships can end up effecting you more than you think. When things don’t work out for some people, they lose hope and become demotivated to even carry out normal daily life tasks. This is when one should seek help and be in the company of people who can motivate them to get out of that situation and not let it empower their mindset.

  • Stressful life events, trauma, mental illness, unsuccessful illnesses, drug and alcohol abuse are amongst the most common issues as well.

Suicide prevention is a broad term and comprises of everything from creating awareness to taking action to decrease the incidence of suicide.

Australia has taken action to decrease this issue and things have become better as compared to before but it is still very common amongst young people to commit suicide because not enough awareness is being created. Even though there are counsellors in universities, students do not feel comfortable seeking help from them because they don’t want to be judged and labelled as someone who seek help from the counsellor whereas there is nothing wrong with that. It needs to be communized so that people and students can know that it is a healthy way out rather than isolating yourself. For people who are working or are not students, university counsellors may not be of any help so they can seek therapy or meet a psychologist who can help them out but this where things get costly. It is not as cheap as we assume it might be. There should be alternate for this so people can easily afford help because it is not easy for a normal citizen to pay 100 dollars just for this reason alone.

One has to start from themselves because before anyone else, we have the most power over ourselves. We can start by telling ourselves that it is alright to seek help from your counsellor and it is alright to share your problem with the people you trust. After reading a lot, I was able to find that people who attempted to kill themselves did not actually want to take their own life but it was actually the fact that they wanted to get rid of the pain or sadness that they were suffering. Both these things are something that can be treated if done the right way.

Alice who was 26 years old gave an interview in which she mentioned how depression and anxiety took a toll on her. It started from family reasons and eventually lead up to personal relationship issues. She felt like just having someone to talk to was not the only way out but actually talking to someone and taking action regarding your depression is what matters. She moved on after a successful relationship but what helped her move on was seeking counselling and having exposure by travelling to another place. It distracted her from the way she was feeling and made her focus on herself. Alice mentioned that therapy and counselling is expensive in Australia.

“I think the thing with university, and where the faculty come in, is that the pressure to perform can create a toxic environment for students”, Alice

In the second interview Liz Wyndham talks about how students and other people try to seek help and what stops them from seeking help at times. She also talks about the difference between having a bad week and actually having a mental illness. She also talked about how one should deal with someone in this situation.

“Fears around my family won’t understand so I’ll be ostracized from parts of the family, or will have to keep it quiet so the broader community won’t know” because then it’s as though the family has failed somehow”, Liz Wyndham


  1. “Lack Of Education And Preconceived Notions About Mental Health Issues And Suicide Are Present In Society And This Contributes To The Stigma That Is Unfortunately Present.” With Bianca L. Rodriguez And Suzanne Bartlett


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